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The Six Most Common Cyberattack Types

A computer popup box screen warning of a system being hacked, compromised software enviroment. 3D illustration.
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No matter how big or small, cybercrimes pose an imminent threat to every organisation (government, business, and individual). It is untrue that only large corporations handle cyber-attacks. Attackers target internet-connected devices as a potential tool to disrupt businesses with less advanced cybersecurity measures. The types of cyberattacks and their techniques have changed over the past few years along with technological advancement.

Every day, cyberattacks strike businesses, causing enormous losses in productivity, assets, and revenue as well as damage to a company’s reputation, business confidence, and trust, as well as violations of consumers’ fundamental right to privacy.

Knowing the fundamentals and origin of cybercrimes before implementing security measures will help you identify the problem’s root cause and permanently eradicate it.

What are the most prevalent categories of cyberattacks?

What impact do they have on the company?

Let’s examine the six prevalent cyberattack categories that cause the most harm.

common Cyberattack

1. DDoS

DDoS, or distributed denial of service attacks, occur when a computer system targets a network, server, or other website source and prevents the target’s users from using certain services. As a result, hundreds of notifications, incoming messages, and connection requests cause the target system to sluggish down. DDoS attacks have the potential to completely crash and shut down a system, leaving its legitimate users without service. In the first half of 2020 alone, there were 4.8 million DDoS attacks, showing that every organisation deals with this serious issue. Every year that goes by, they record the greatest number of attacks. Ai technologies are used by the attackers to determine what strategies are most effective. Unfortunately,These days, AI is used to strengthen every cyberattack. You need a comprehensive software solution like XDR [Extended Detection And Response], which combines STEM, endpoint detection and response, and network detection and response, to keep cyber threats at bay. Such solutions offer deeper visibility, automation, and precise endpoint insights. You can save time and react quickly with AI and automated systems.

2. Malware

A malicious file or intrusive programme created specifically to aid attacks at the expense of users is referred to as malware, also known as malicious software. Despite the fact that there are numerous varieties of malware, their fundamental methods are the same. These malware employ sophisticated invasion strategies created in a manner that deceives users and allows for unauthorised device installation. Ransomware, Trojans, and spyware are the three most popular categories of malware.

3. Phishing

Phishing is a type of cyberattack in which the perpetrators pose as well-known organisations, such as banks, email users, tax authorities, etc. Through the use of phoney links or attachments, they deceive users into handing over sensitive information like credit card numbers, passwords, and other intellectual property. Phishing is a simple way to obtain sensitive data. There are various phishing attack types, including:

  • Phishing via email
  • spear phishing
  • whaling
  • angler

4. SQL Injection Attacks

The vast majority of websites rely on data, making them susceptible to SQL injection attacks. A SQL query used by the attackers to slowly inject malware into your device. These attacks can serve a variety of purposes; this year, emails were stolen using SQL. Attackers’ malicious requests change and alter the database so that they can easily access sensitive information about your customers or their personal information.

5. XSS

Another type of injection attack called XSS allows attackers to insert harmful data, such as a script from another piece of software. You should be aware that XSS gives an attacker the ability to steal cookies by injecting scripts created in a variety of languages, including JavaScript, Ajax, Java, Flash, etc. By posing as a user, the attackers can easily trick the victims, spread malware, cause mayhem, and use the users’ personal information with ease.

6. Botnets

Although bonnets are distinct from other cyberattacks, the attack method is very similar to phishing attacks. This involves a number of computers or gadgets that cybercriminals are in charge of. The main goals of the attacker are to increase attack intensity and infect as much software as they can.

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